Back to my trip to Ireland, day 4 saw us arrive at Kilmacurragh, Kilbride, Co Wicklow. I have skipped ahead a little as I wanted to show you something other than private gardens.
Kilmacurragh is the outpost for the Dublin Botanic Garden, just as Kew has Wakehurst Place. It allows the botanic garden to grow plants it doesn’t have the right environment for in Dublin. The garden was one of the most important private gardens in Ireland due to the extensive plant collections made by its owners, the Acton family, from the 1750s to the First World War. However, like many family estates at this time it suffered from the deaths of three heirs in quick succession and large inheritance tax payments. Eventually the property was bought by the National Botanic Gardens in 1996 and in 2006 the redevelopment of the garden, led by Head Gardener, Seamus O’Brien, started. The gardens, and those in Dublin, have benefitted from a positive approach by the Irish government and have been lucky in receiving significant levels of funding in recent years; a pity this approach is not matched elsewhere.
As with most of the other gardens we visited we had the benefit of being shown around by Seamus. This adds so much to a visit as you learn about individual plants, you have a context to place them and the garden in and you hear all sorts of interesting facts and stories that bring the place alive – something that was really missing from our unguided visit to Mt Usher the day before.
The house in the top photo was destroyed by fires in 1978 and 1982 but now funding has become available for the roof to be replaced which will allow the building to be used as a visitor centre and presumably provide opportunities for further fund-raising.
One of the collections Kilmacurragh is known for is its collection of rhododendrons collected by Joseph Hooker. You can see how huge they have grown from the photograph above, I can imagine they are stunning when in flower.
This is one of the last ones to flower. I did right its name down but my phonetic scrawl is illegible but it is some sort of hybrid beginning with g!! Whatever its name, for someone who finds the plant hunter stories fascinating, it was a real thrill to see plants that were actually collected by someone I had read about.
The plants at Kilmacurragh really demonstrate the benefits of Ireland’s damper climate. I was captivated by the light on these ferns until I walked a few steps further and spotted the giant lilies (Cardiocrinum giganteum)
There are several clumps throughout the shady part of the long borders and last year, to mark the centenary of the First World War and the men from the estate who lost their lives in it, they planted enough bulbs to have 100 flowering. I wish I had seen that it must have been breath-taking and heavenly to smell.
I loved the long herbaceous border. It is a beautiful mixture of foliage and flowers with plants repeated to give rhythm but many of the plants aren’t those you would expect to see in a long border as hidden away are some wonderful meconopsis paniculata poppies, echiums, white willowherb, astibles, geraniums, and various calmagrostis – wonderful.
From the long border we headed out into the arboretum again and saw many delights which to be honest I don’t think I appreciated as much as I should have since my tree knowledge is limited. However, I do know the tree above is vast and very old, possibly dating back to the time of Janet Acton, in the 1870s
However, I do know that this tree is a Magnolia rostrata and a fairly new addition showing that the collection of plants, particularly trees is continuing. Future plans include the creation of areas specifically for plants of China, Chile and the Himilaya. There are even plants that have been bred in the garden by Seamus and named for it such as the Cornus capitata ‘Kilmacurragh Rose’ which was named recently (below).
But while you are marvelling at the flowers on this new introduction you are aware that just behind you is the original main road through the area down which Oliver Cromwell’s troops marched in the 17th century bringing with them Thomas Acton. Thomas was given the land, in lieu of pay. His son, Thomas II had the derelict St Mochorog’s Abbey torn down and the stone reused to build the house you see in the top picture in the Queen Anne style.
We saw how the gardens have been clearing the area of the road and opening up the site with a view to reinstating various historical references around the site.
But the history is evidenced even further back as the pond above is the original 7th century fish stew which provided for the monastery, established around a hermitage founded by St Mochorog, of British royal birth.
Given that throughout our trip we received a potted history of Ireland from our tour leader, Noel Kingsbury, this garden managed to encompass Irish history in one site and I haven’t included all the stories about the various uprisings and their impact on the estate. For me, a plant nut and a lover of history with a fascinating for early medieval Irish history, this was a special garden for us to visit.
Thankfully today and over night we have had a good deluge of rain, topping up the water butts. Sadly, whilst it appears a lot of rain the actual total for the last 24 hours is only 1.6mm which will only really impact on the top inch of the soil but its something I suppose. My love of strong colours is slowly becoming more apparent in the garden, at the moment I am loving the heliotropiums that I have flowering in a pot. They were planted with vibrant orange calibrachoa but the plants never did well producing one stem at a time whilst the other stems withered. I wonder if I planted them out too early given the coolness of the spring and early summer.
I am particularly pleased with the flowers on the Aloe striatula. This is growing in the front garden under the window by the succulent trough and was a bit of an experiment. It has come through the winter fine and I think I would like to add more although I know that I might lose them if we have a particularly hard winter.
The species Petunia exserta have started to flower. As with many species the flowers are much smaller than the hybrids that we are used to seeing. I like the purpleness of the buds before the flowers open but I’m not really a fan of petunias so I will see how these do over the summer. I’ve also planted out lobelia spicata and some agastache to fill the gaps where the early perennials have been cut back so hopefully there will be a second burst of colour.
I’m also enjoying this flower whose label has disappeared. Its small plant and I know the seeds were from the Alpine Garden Society but that’s as far as it goes, but it is a lovely colour.
A new bench has also appeared by the shed. Hewn by hand from a tree by my eldest during his week on a Ray Mears Woodsman course this week. Its made from Sweet Chestnut which they felled with axe and hand-made saws. It is extra special to my son as the great man sat on the bench with him the other evening when he dropped into the course. I asked if he had asked Mr Mears to sign it but my son scoffed at this suggestion, although I suspect he wishes he had thought of this.
I haven’t shown you the patio border since it was full of snowdrops in early spring. This time of year is it’s next prime moment of interest with the Kirengshoma being the star of the show. I am not one to boost but I have to say that to date I haven’t encountered a Kirengshoma better than my specimen, of which I am every proud. In this combination I like the link between the hosta flowers and the actea behind. I am hoping that the actea may flower this year. It has been blind for a few years now and I’m not quite sure why. In the spring I moved it slightly sideways so it wasn’t competing with Kirengshoma so much and hopefully this will help.
The other end of the border is beginning to fill out and continues the green/yellow/purple theme. I don’t think I will plant the two peony plants you can see in the border as they will quickly out grow the space. Whilst I like the bright colours I also really enjoy the textures of foliage and this seems to interest me more and more.
I’m off to visit gardens on the east coast of Ireland tomorrow so who knows what inspiration I will gain over the coming week.
I have been in a bit of a blog black hole for a while and things have passed me by. Finally, I have engaged with Bloglovin – only taken me a few days. I will try to get a button on the side for people who like to follow blogs this way but for now I think I am supposed to post the following link to get the ball rolling.
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I have been home alone for most of the weekend with no real plans and it has been blissful. I have been pottering in every sense of the word. I started with weeding the patio which was long overdue and is one of those incredibly satisfying garden jobs. I use the blade of an old screwdriver, whose handle is long gone, and it is just the right size to get between the slabs.
If I am honest I dislike the patio, I always have, but its well down the list of expenditure and it serves a purpose. I dislike it because when I pressure wash it the colour of the slabs is revealed and we have a ‘delightful’ pink and yellow checker box effect! Therefore, I rarely pressure wash it. However now it is weeded and tidied I am rather pleased. I have never been very good at using the patio for relaxation. It is normally the home of trays of seedlings and purchases and the small table often houses seedlings etc. However, in the last couple of weeks my sons have both mentioned that they have sat out in the garden when they have got home and how nice it was. So I have moved all the trays of seedlings up the garden out of the way and arranged the pots of purchases and other things in a more organised/decorative fashion. What a difference, even I have sat on the patio and enjoyed a cuppa and read a magazine.
I have quite a collection of pots many of them accumulated during my brief foray into alpine plant showing. Above are some pans of alpines which live up by the top bench which there is some shade but also sun at some point of the say.
I’m not a huge fan any more of pots of mixed plants, preferring instead collections of individual plants in their own pot. I like being able to ring the changes as things go over. This collection is by the door to the shed and I have added some succulents as this is quite a sunny spot so they should do well here.
Round the corner of the shed is what we call ‘quatermass’. Last year I plunged a couple of pots of zantedeschia into the old tin bath which I was using as a pond and they did incredibly well. So this year I decided to fill the bath with compost and plant it up exclusively with white zantedeschia. There is no drainage in the bath so the compost gets very wet when it rains and takes a while to dry out but the plants are thriving. I did wonder if this was a mad idea but when I visited Brian and Irene’s garden over at Our Garden @19 last weekend I noticed that he had ensata iris growing in sealed pots of compost and they were doing incredibly well too. I had to drag the bath over the gravel this week as it was being engulfed by the neighbouring fern and I see that I need to sort the level out again – opps!
In the very top photo you can see that all the succulents and pelargoniums are out of the greenhouse and in their summer home on the staging. As I said I don’t really like mixed pots or hanging baskets any more. Instead I have planted the window box up with herbs which is already proving very useful and the only hanging basket I have is hanging from the tree by the shed and is housing my Christmas cactus. I went to a talk at the local horticultural group recently on cacti and succulents which was actually really interesting and the speaker advocating treating your Christmas cactus in this way over the summer so I thought why not.
And finally one of my collections of plants by the front door. I was rather than by the Polygala myrtifolia on a recent visit to B&Q so it ended up coming home with me. I have under planted with some nemesis and today added a pelargonium and a pot of oregano. On the other side of the entrance is a deep pink hydrangea, some violas and a succulent. I think it looks charming and it makes me smile when I pull up in the driveway, far more than any other arrangement I have done in the past.
So that’s my weekend – a weekend of potting up, moving pots, and sweeping.
It’s amazing how much growth there has been in the last month. The temperatures in April have been higher than normal and there has been little, if any, rain. There is still a risk of frost so I’m not being fooled into putting tender plants out too early. Whilst everything is looking lush the ground has developed a bit of a dry crust and I worry that if it is dry this early in the year how will the garden cope if we have a dry summer. Time will tell.
Above is the main woodland border which has exploded since last month. I am really pleased with it especially as in the past it hasn’t quite lived up to the image in my mind. It just shows that you need to be patient and wait to give plants a chance to bulk up and establish. The highlights in the next month will be Solomon Seal (Polygonatum xhybridum) and False Solomon Seal (Maianthemum racemosum) whose scent I love. A couple of years ago the Solomon Seal was decimated by Solomon Sawfly and I was pleased last year when the plants reappeared and passed through the year trouble-free. They have started to spread around the border so fingers crossed this year the horrid sawfly caterpillars won’t return.
The less inspiring end of the woodland border. This is the area which was previously occupied by the Azalea which died. I have added a couple of shrubs, some foxgloves, some anemones and I am adding plants as the year progresses to try to create a longer season of interest.
The border alongside the gravel steps is beginning to fill out. I have been adding some Dianthus right up against the step edges in the hope that they will eventually spread and soften the side of the steps. The first group of pots are outside the shed and I think there is scope for something bigger and bolder there although the flat space is quite narrow – something to think about. I have also started to put out pots of things running down the steps, at the moment they are pots of bulbs going over but in the summer the pelargoniums will live here.
The view from the bottom path looking back towards the shed. The camassias are now flowering and I had forgotten how many there are in the Big Border, I suspect they are starting to bulk up. I particularly like the way they work with the Euphorbia and the Calamagrostis ‘Overdam’. I am pleased with the border so far this year as the asters are filling out and the aquilegias I added for an early summer interest seem to be doing all right.
Finally the view along the middle path which shows that the grass really needs a cut although the daisies are popular with the bees. It also demonstrates that we are poor at cutting grass which adds to the argument for removing the front lawn. The border to the right of the path is much fuller than last year and it feels better this year since I replanted it.
So there is my garden at the end of April. Any one can join in with the End of Month meme and you can use it as you wish, focussing on one year or giving us a tour – whatever works for you. Many people have found it helpful as they find it makes them look at their garden more critically. If you would like to join in all I ask is that you link to this post in your post and leave a link to your post in the comment box below so we can all find you and come for a nose.
I’m struggling a little with life at the moment and to top everything else off my car has died on me so I have the irritation of having the phone the garage tomorrow and no doubt part with large sums of money at some point this week. The only time this past week when I have felt calm and at peace as been in the garden. Even though I am not conscious of worrying about things in particular I think when you are ‘working’ in the garden your mind focussing on what you are doing, the plants, what you could plant in a space and the other things which might only be bothering your sub-conscious leave. Interestingly I started off today deciding not to do anything but I twitched around so much that I decided to potter for an hour in the garden.
The theme of removing sycamore seedlings continued and today’s focus was the hardy exotic slope and the back border. I wrote about tackling the back border about a month ago and I am quite pleased so far with how it is going. I am trying for a leafy texture of plants ideally with some all year round interest. I think planting up the area behind the shed has also helped and it feels more gardened now rather than part of the garden which challenges me. I added a half hardy salvia amongst the bamboos – its a bit of a beast so should fill the space here and the pink flowers will work well with the geranium palmatums which can be a little garish on their own. I have also added some impatiens qingchanganica bought from Growild Nursery, a wonderful new online retailer of plants and seeds. Also added was an Athyrium otophorum ‘Okanum’ bought from Sally Gregson when she gave my local horticultural club a talk on epimediums last week.
The hardy exotic slope is coming together and this year I need to add to the shorter perennials to cover the ground and reduce the bare soil on show. You can see there are some daffodils in the border which are OK and interesting but you can’t see them from the bottom of the slope as they disappear behind the bench. I think I might forget about spring bulbs here and concentrate them elsewhere as to me you need to be able to see spring flowers from the house so they cheer you on a cold or rainy day. I am pleased to say that the ridiculous collection of plants waiting on the patio waiting to be planted out is diminishing, its generally one year old perennial seedlings or bulbs now. The downside of this is that the pile of empty terracotta pots is ridiculous and shows just how much effort and funds I invested in growing alpines and bulbs over the last couple of years but I feel a lot happier with the plants in the ground and concentrating on growing perennials from seed.
I am really pleased with how most of the garden is filling out now and the view from the living room (top photo) makes me smile which is very important. I can see great combinations from the sofa; such as the way the blue rosemary flowers pick up on the camassias and then the honesty at the back of the garden. It wasn’t planned at all but seeing it work makes me understand a little how to bring the garden together and make it more cohesive instead of seeming piecemeal; Mother Nature is obviously showing me how things should be!
And then there is the first trillium to flower. I planted it some 4 or 5 years ago and it disappeared but a c0uple of years back it reappeared and flowered. Last year it has two flowers but it seems we are back to one this year but it is flowering which is a thrill. I learnt recently that trillims shouldn’t be planted too deep and if they are they will pull themselves into the right position which is probably why it disappeared for a couple of years. I will have to make sure I mulch well around it to give it a little moisture and hopefully encourage it to bulk up and spread.
Finally I had to smile as my youngest son, 22, has been to Wilkinsons buying herb seed pots in advance of getting his first home. He says adamantly “I’m not a gardener”, he doesn’t want to admit that some of my passion may have rubbed off on him but showing him how to sow a few rocket seeds this afternoon was an amusing delight.